Raced and gendered playtime. Top photo, ca 1942-1945, shows Erica Harth, the daughter of a Manzanar WRA administrator, at top left, arms folded on desk, in a first grade class posed behind an array of seven baby “white” dolls that she said were “supposedly contributed to Manzanar by the Red Cross.” Photo by Toyo Miyatake, courtesy of Toyo Miyatake Studios.
Bottom: Amache photograph discovered by Gary Ono, who is in the photo. He titled it “Block 10-E Defense Force.” Gary believes that his aunt, Yuki Okamura, took the photograph of seven children, aged three to six, to send to her sister, Kimiye Ono, who was convalescing in Boulder. CO, from tuberculosis, separated from her four children. “These little GIs, well-armed, look ready to defend their own Block 10-E, with a nurse ready, just in case,” he wrote in a 2019 Amache newsletter. From left: Haruo Roy Otsuji, unidentified, Yae Phyllis Okamura, Hiroichi Kenneth Okamura, unidentified, Tsutomu Gary Ono, Kazumi Stanley Ono (1939-2018). Courtesy Gary Ono.
Left and right: girls in Los Angeles carry their dolls as they wait to board a train to the Owens Valley, where the Manzanar incarceration camp was located, in eastern California. Photos by Russell Lee, April, 1942, Library of Congress.
Ibuki holding the doll, 11/2019